Hydrogen: The Perfect Energy?
The end of another decade is closing in and we are still to find a feasible alternative to our energy problem. Although every elite-nation of the world are working to find an alternative, we are yet to find an end product soon. But then again one can be hopeful about the advancement the scientific community has made regarding this sector and we may have the solution in the upcoming decade.
Our damaged Climate
Will we able to avoid the catastrophic outcome of climate change in the next decade is still unclear as our climate is getting worse every year. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has released its Fifth Assessment Report in 2013 which provided evidence that human activities are the main cause of climate change. And one of the main human activity which is directly responsible for climate change is the continuous burning of fossil fuel. The burning of fossil fuel produces CO2 as a by-product. CO2 is responsible for the increasing temperature of the planet earth. In October 2018 the IPCC issued a special report on the impacts of global warming if the current global temperature rises to 1.5°C. And to stop this to happen we must make drastic changes in all aspects of society including our energy sector. If we don’t change the temperature will increase by more than 1.5°C and we will face the consequences.
“Perfect” energy source
So, all we need is a type of energy source whose by-product is not harmful to the atmosphere as well as we can renew it. Taking these metrics in hand the most suitable replacement of the traditional energy source is HYDROGEN energy. It can be transformed into a renewable, nonpolluting and zero-emission energy resource. It’s considered the foundation of the new energy economy.
What is Hydrogen?
Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe. In normal temperature, it can be found as a gas. This gas is colorless, tasteless and invisible. As this gas is lighter than air it rises into the atmosphere. As a result, hydrogen gas is not found naturally and it must be manufactured. Hydrogen exists in nature in compound forms such as water, coal, and petroleum.
Hydrogen is so clean that if it is consumed in a fuel cell it will only produce water. It can also be produced from a variety of domestic resources, such as natural gas, nuclear power, biomass and renewable power like solar and wind. On paper, this looks like an attractive option for transportation and electricity generated applications. We can use it in every sector of society. It will be easy to carry as it only requires a pipeline coming to the transportation of electricity which requires wire.
Challenges of Hydrogen:
First of all, as we don’t have the proper technology, producing hydrogen energy will be costly. But according to the International Energy Agency (IEA), the cost of producing hydrogen from renewable electricity could fall 30% by 2030 as a result of declining costs of renewables and scaling up of hydrogen production. Moreover, if we do move to a hydrogen energy-based ecosystem we will need to build the infrastructure for it from scratch. It may take more time for massive investments is not made in this sector.
But if the hydrogen energy lives up to its potential we may reach the next level of human development. The battle against climate change will also be in favor of the human. For this thing to happen, we must preserve nature so we can live till the technology comes to save us.